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骨科术后深静脉血栓的预防与护理论述

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【摘 要】深静脉血栓(deep venous thrombosis,DVT)是骨科术后最常见的并发症之一,因其高发病率受到重视。本论文基于国内外研究成果,对深静脉血栓的发病机制、预防、护理进行分析和综述,为骨科临床深静脉血栓预防、护理提供参考。通过加强对骨科高危人群的预防和护理,降低深静脉血栓在该人群中的发生率。

【关键词】深静脉血栓;发病机制;预防;护理;骨科

【中图分类号】R473 【文献标识码】A 【文章编号】1672-3783(2018)08-0002-02

Prevention and Nursing of Deep Venous Thrombosis after Orthopaedics

【Abstract】deep venous thrombosis,DVT (Deep Venous Thrombosis) is one of the most common complications after orthopedics, which is paid attention to because of its high incidence. Based on the research results at home and abroad, this paper analyzes and summarizes the pathogenesis, prevention and nursing of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), which can provide reference for the prevention and nursing of DVT in orthopaedics. To reduce the incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in high-risk orthopedic population by strengthening prevention and nursing.

【Keyw ords】deep venous thrombosis; pathogenesis; prevention; nursing; orthopedics

近年来,随着高能量创伤及人工关节置换术的增加,深静脉血栓是骨科术后(尤其下肢骨折术后)最常见的并发症之一。深静脉血栓是指血液不正常地在深静脉凝结,阻塞静脉腔,导致静脉回流障碍的一种疾病。深静脉血栓分为急性期和慢性期,急性期表现为肺栓塞(pulmonary embolism,PE),慢性期表现为血栓形成后综合症(post thrombotic syndrome,PTS)。据文献报道:欧美深静脉血栓发生率为2.22%-3.29%,亚洲深静脉血...

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